5 important points for you, if you are planning for knee replacement surgery.
1. Is the surgery even necessary for me?
Before Corona outbreak; knee replacement surgery was hot trend in India. People who were struggling from knee pain were opting knee replacement surgery. But after Covid-19 even orthopedic doctors are asking patient to wait and go for physiotherapy. So ask yourself is it necessary to opt for surgery over physiotherapy?
2. If not surgery then what are alternative and non-surgical treatment options?
There are many good options available to replace the knee surgery. The non-surgical alternatives are there for eliminating pain and for improving joint function. Starting from weight control, will help in reducing extra burden on a damaged joint. Physiotherapy treatment will help to reduce swelling and improve joint function. Specific exercises to increase balance, strength and stability, bracing. Steroid injections for increased lubrication and cushioning, and decreased inflammation and friction can be effective enough to avoid surgery. At The Midas touch physiotherapy we’ve created a comprehensive treatment plan for knee care that utilizes many of the treatment options into one complete non-surgical program.
3. Potential risk and complications associated with knee surgery?
No matter how common knee replacement surgery is, complications are always linked with it. It depends on patient’s health, age, gender, body weight and other underlying diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure. There is always a risk of infection, adverse response to anesthesia, blood clots, and even neurovascular injury. Additionally, many people report an increase in pain and decrease in mobility after the knee replacement. Even when the procedure is successful, most knee replacements will have to be re-done within 10-15 years. Be sure you understand the potential problems and determine if they are outweighed by the benefits of your expected outcome.
4. How long will recovery take?
Recovery timelines vary significantly. For example, a person who has arthroscopic knee surgery may be fully healed at 6 to 8 weeks. A person who has total knee replacement can expect to be back to their daily routine at 6 to 8 weeks, but a full recovery will likely take longer. Knowing how much pain is considered normal can help ease your anxiety during the first few days after surgery, when pain levels are likely to peak. This will delay the recovery stage. When learning about your recovery, find out if you’ll need an assistive walking device after surgery, such as a walker or crutches, and for how long. Also ask if you’ll need assistance at home from a spouse, family member, friend, or personal aide.
5. How much physical therapy do I have to do after surgery?
Your doctor can start physiotherapy within a day of your operation. A trained physiotherapist will come to your hospital room and show you exercises you should start doing right away. You’ll have fresh stitches and a brand-new body part. Trust that the moves are safe, though. The exercise are designed to:
· Strengthen your leg
· Restore knee movement
· Help you walk on your new knee
· Most people spend 1 to 3 nights in the hospital. After you’re discharged, you might check into a rehab facility. There, you’ll usually get physical therapy 6 days a week for a couple of weeks. One advantage of a rehab clinic is that you will have help and you’re sure to do your exercises every day.
· Most people will go straight home. Home Physiotherapy is just as helpful as in-patient rehab in hospital. You likely will need in-home physiotherapy several days per week for 4-6 weeks.
· A third way is to do your PT at an outpatient rehab clinic.
Your doctor will decide the best option for you based on your age and health.